Monday, May 19, 2008

Glossary Arabic Transliteration to English: N, P, and Q

Nafs The soul or spirit.

Nation of Islam* - An organization formed in the United States in the 1930s by Elijah Poole (later known as Elijah Muhammad), which gained prominence during the nascent civil rights movement in the 1950s. In its efforts to uplift and provide self-worth to African-Americans, the nationalist organization espoused a doctrine of black superiority, and posited that God manifested Himself as a human being by the name of W.D. Fard, Elijah Muhammad’s instructor. Such doctrines and teachings of the Nation are incompatible with the universal outlook and absolute monotheism of Islam.. Unfortunately, much confusion has resulted and continues to exist due to this group’s appropriation of certain Arabic terms, values, and ideas from mainstream Islam. Followers of the Nation, often incorrectly called “Black Muslims” number less than 10,000 today. Many thousands of former members entered the fold of universal Islam after the death of Elijah Muhammad n 1975 under the leadership of his son Warith Deen Muhammad.

Niqab - Garments worn by Muslim women that include a face covering and gloves.

Pan-Arabism - A movement seeking to unite the Arab nations of the Middle East and North Africa.

Purdah -A Persian word denoting the modest dress of women and the separation of women from men.

Qari* - “a reciter” A class of Muslim religious leaders who, due to vocal beauty and skill, publicly recite verses from the Qur’an.

Qiblah* - Term used in reference to the direction Muslims face during salah, the formal worship.

Qiyas* - Using analogies for the purpose of applying laws derived from the Qur’an and Sunnah to situations not explicitly covered by these two sources. The most important tool for interpreting and implementing the Shari’ah.

Qur’an* - “the recitation”, the text of Muhammad’s revelations and prophecies, the Holy Book of the Islamic faith. It consists of 114 surahs (chapters) revealed by God to Muhammad (this is a contradiction, elsewhere it is explained Allah’s word was revealed by the angel Gabriel.)over a period of twenty-three years. The Qur’an continues to be recited by Muslims throughout the world in the language of its revelation, Arabic, exactly as it was recited by Prophet Muhammad nearly fourteen hundred years ago. The Qur’an is viewed as the authoritative guide for human beings, along with the Sunnah of Muhammad. Translations of the Qur’an are considered explanations of the meaning of the Qur’an, but not the Qur’an itself (unclean non-muslims are not allowed to touch the Qur’an). The spelling “Koran” is phonetically incorrect; the more accurate Qur’an should be used.

(al-) Quds - “The Holy”, this is the name Muslims use for Jerusalem, the third holiest city in Islam following Makkah and Madinah.

Quraysh* - A tribe in Arabia to which Muhammad belonged. Most of the Quraysh disavowed him and attempted to thwart his efforts. (Until Muhammad returned to Makka and began spreading Islam by the sword, when many of the Quraysh converted rather than be murdered.)

Approaching the Qur’an, the Early Revelations, Introduced and Translated by Michael Sells, White Cloud Press, Ashland, Oregon

Islam, Opposing Viewpoints, Jennifer A. Hurley, Book Editor, Greenhaven Press, Inc., San Diego, CA

Hatred’s Kingdom, How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism, Dore Gold, Regnery Publishing, Inc

The Koran, A Very Short Introduction, Michael Cook, Oxford University Press

*Teaching About Islam & Muslims in the Public School Classroom, A Handbook for Educators, 3rd edition, CAIR ISBN 1-93109-00-8
It is clearly seen that all derogatory terminology to non-Muslims is absent from the CAIR publication. Another example of taqiyya and kitman.

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